Map of Cameroon locating English-speaking regions and their capitals, Bamenda and Buea
Bafoussam (Cameroon) (AFP) - Troops and armed men have exchanged fire in the Cameroonian city of Buea, leaving several injured in the capital of a region hit by separatist violence and a host for teams in the Africa Cup of Nations (AFCON), the local mayor said Thursday.
“The security forces rapidly intervened and an investigation is under way to determine who is responsible,” Mayor David Mafani Namange told AFP, describing the violence on Wednesday as “sporadic incidents.”
Earlier Thursday, a senior military officer said by telephone that the fighting “happened after the Malian squad had finished training,” adding: “It did not have an impact on the training session.”
A senior official with the Confederation of African Football (CAF) played down the incident, and virtually none of Cameroon’s national press reported on it.
“We know that there was some commotion, far from our operations, but we don’t know at all exactly what may have happened, whether there was an attack or not,” the CAF official told AFP, requesting anonymity.
The authorities, approached by AFP, refused to officially confirm or deny that there had been any incident.
- Senator killed -
Also Wednesday, an opposition senator was found shot dead in the region, according to his party and an official.
Lawmaker Henry Kemende of the Social Democratic Front (SDF), one of Cameroon’s main opposition parties, had been shot several times in the chest, according to the SDF’s vice president, Joshua Osih.
No one claimed responsibility for the killing, but Osih blamed separatists.
Several SDF leaders have been targeted previously, including John Fru Ndi, the party’s president, a runner-up several times in elections won by President Paul Biya, 88, who has ruled the country with an iron grip for nearly 40 years.
Biya has been accused of repressing dissent in the English-speaking areas as well as clamping down hard on political opponents.
Describing Wednesday’s violence, a human rights lawyer, Agbor Balla, told AFP: “There were heavy exchanges of fire between troops and separatists.”
Speaking by telephone, he added: “Panic grew as the separatists moved towards the town centre.”
Balla, who heads an NGO called the Centre for Human Rights and Democracy in Africa, said one person “wearing civilian clothes” died in the exchange, but this toll was not immediately confirmed by other sources.
Armed groups had warned before the start of AFCON last Sunday that they planned to disrupt the tournament in the troubled region.
Teams in Group F – Tunisia, Mali, Mauritania and Gambia – train in Buea and play in the coastal resort of Limbe.
- Troubled region -
Buea is the capital of the Southwest Region, which with the adjacent Northwest Region has been rocked by violence since 2017, when anglophone militants declared independence from the majority French-speaking country.
The central government in Yaounde responded with a crackdown.
Both the separatists and government forces have been accused of atrocities in the fighting, which has claimed more than 3,000 lives and forced over 700,000 to flee their homes.
Armed groups are regularly accused of abducting, killing or injuring civilians whom they accuse of “collaborating” with Cameroonian authorities.
English speakers account for nearly a fifth of Cameroon’s population of 24 million, who are majority French-speaking.
Their presence is a legacy of the colonial era in western Africa.
The former German possession of Cameroon was partitioned after World War I between Britain and France.
In 1961, part of the British territory, the Southern Cameroons, joined Cameroon after it gained independence from France.
The anglophone separatists call their entity the Federal Republic of Ambazonia, from the Ambas Bay on the coastline. It is not recognised internationally.
Last week the International Crisis Group (ICG) think tank called on both sides in the conflict to “cease hostilities for the Cup’s duration… Such a truce could be the first step in rebuilding trust and moving toward talks between the authorities and separatist leaders after years of bloodshed.”